Computable Phenotypes; Electronic Health Records; Data Standards; Learning Health Care Systems
Introduction: The ability to reproducibly identify clinically equivalent patient populations is critical to the vision of learning health care systems that implement and evaluate evidence-based treatments. The use of common or semantically equivalent phenotype definitions across research and health care use cases will support this aim. Currently, there is no single consolidated repository for computable phenotype definitions, making it difficult to find all definitions that already exist, and also hindering the sharing of definitions between user groups.
Method: Drawing from our experience in an academic medical center that supports a number of multisite research projects and quality improvement studies, we articulate a framework that will support the sharing of phenotype definitions across research and health care use cases, and highlight gaps and areas that need attention and collaborative solutions.
Framework: An infrastructure for re-using computable phenotype definitions and sharing experience across health care delivery and clinical research applications includes: access to a collection of existing phenotype definitions, information to evaluate their appropriateness for particular applications, a knowledge base of implementation guidance, supporting tools that are user-friendly and intuitive, and a willingness to use them.
Next Steps: We encourage prospective researchers and health administrators to re-use existing EHR-based condition definitions where appropriate and share their results with others to support a national culture of learning health care. There are a number of federally funded resources to support these activities, and research sponsors should encourage their use.
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Richesson, Rachel; Smerek, Michelle; and Cameron, C. Blake
"A Framework to Support the Sharing and Re-Use of Computable Phenotype Definitions Across Health Care Delivery and Clinical Research Applications,"
eGEMs (Generating Evidence & Methods to improve patient outcomes):
3, Article 2.
Available at: http://repository.edm-forum.org/egems/vol4/iss3/2